In today’s modern world, the art of management has become a part and parcel of everyday life, be it at home or in the workplace. In all organizations, where a group of human beings assembles for a common purpose irrespective of caste, creed, and religion, management principles come into play through the management of resources, finance, planning, priorities, policies, and practices. 

Management is getting things done through and with people, efficiently and effectively. The philosophy of Bhagavad Gita should not be viewed from devotional perspectives only but also as a guide in developing managerial effectiveness.

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Holy Bhagavad Gita is the tremendous contribution of India to the world. It is considered to be one of the first disclosures from God. The spiritual ideologies and management lessons in Gita were brought to the world by many great Indian efforts and they called Bhagavad-Gita the soul of Vedic Literature and a complete model to practical life. As we know Bhagavad Gita was composed in the form of a dialogue between Prince Arjuna and Lord Krishna, to motivate Arjuna, who got emotionally challenged upon seeing those near and dear ones whom he had to kill in the war of Kurukshetra and Lord Krishna guided him to perform his karma. In the eighteenth chapter of The Bhagavad Gita, one can find tremendous management guidelines which are relevant even today. Formulating strategies to achieve goals is the prime function of every organization.

Bhagavad Gita guides in developing managerial efficiency and effectiveness to achieve the desired results.

  1. Organizing the activities of the enterprise is also an important step. Bhagavad Gita turns one's weaknesses into strengths and shares the responsibilities among the people around.
  2. The selection and training of individuals for specific job functions come understaffing. Bhagavad Gita guides us in the mode of selecting the right set of individuals in the team. Selecting the right managers is also a crucial step that could motivate the group members.
  3. Directing includes designing a framework for an effective work climate and creating opportunities for motivation, supervising, scheduling and discipline.
  4. Controlling means the power to control how something is managed or done. Managing an army of 1.53 million soldiers and warriors to action against a bigger army was not an easy task in Kurukshetra, such a module was a great explanation to be useful in today’s scenario.

Management Lessons of Bhagavad Gita-

1. Stick on a goal – Fix a goal and achieve them.
2. Utilization of available resources- Proper utilization of scarce resources effectively.
3. Attitudes towards the work – To develop the visionary perspective in the work we do.
4. Commitmentof Work – A popular verse of the Gita advises detachment from the fruits or results of actions performed in the course of one’s duty. Detach yourself from the end rewards and concentrate on the work itself.
5. Result of work – The Gita explains the theory of “detachment” from the extrinsic rewards of work. If the result of sincere effort is a success, the entire credit should not be appropriated by the man of action alone similarly if the result of sincere effort is a failure, then the entire blame does not accrue to the man of action or the team.
6. Motivation – Motivation plays a critical role in achieving goals and business objectives. Lord Krishna said: you have a right to perform your prescribed duty, but you are not entitled to the fruits of the action.
7. Work Culture – An effective work culture is about active and rigorous efforts in pursuit of given or chosen tasks. Sri Krishna elaborates on two types of work culture Dalvik Sampat or divine work culture and asuri Sampat or demonic work culture. Asura's work culture involves egoism, personal desires, and improper performance. Daivik Sampat's work culture is to become a world-class enterprise to tap the potential avenues.
8. Surrender to the Supreme – Lord Krishna asked Arjuna to surrender him to Lord; should not have doubts about the existence of the lord. Look for the bigger and harmonious picture, put your egos aside. Spirituality leads to social harmony.
9. Power of Science and Wisdom – Gita says “Science can be understood by our senses. Wisdom will create an inner feeling which comes in the form of intuition, it will make your intentions more strong, which can be transformed into introspection.
10. Control of Mind – Lord Krishna tells Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield that one should practice steadiness of mind. Life is like Mahabharata wherein battle is being fought daily in the mind. With control of mind, one can calm the emotions and increase his/her Viveka or Buddhi with vivechana.
11. Anger Management – Lord Krishna said, the desire for objects comes from the attachment to them, and anger comes from unfulfilled desires. Modern psychoanalysis reveals that anger is a manifestation of repressed and suppressed desires. The purpose of life is to fulfill the responsibilities, goals, and most importantly peaceful co-existence with fellow human beings.
12. Transformational Leadership – Transformational leaders (HR managers) exhibit charisma, encourage followers to do their own way, and treat followers differently but equitably. Today's managers and consultants can benefit from the philosophy of Bhagavad-Gita, which can serve as a guide in HRM.

The contribution of Bhagavad Gita is not only limited to spiritual knowledge but also the art of self-determination, personality, behavior, time management, stress management, and many other aspects of management that can be used as a guide to increase management effectiveness.

The Bhagavad-Gita suggests an HRM approach, which focuses on exploring the inner self. If managers can develop a sense of confidence among individuals as indicated in the Gita, the quality of leadership will be improved and the quality of management will also be improved. Dr. Shweta Sharma  Asst. Prof. Chemistry  Career College Bhopal

Talking Gita 30-09-2021 By Talking Bhagavad Gita Talking Gita